Climate change is certainly one of the most pressing global issues of our time and the Paris Agreement in 2015 was a huge step towards bringing major greenhouse emitting countries together to tackle this momentous problem. On October 2nd 2016, Mahatma Gandhi's 147th birthday, India ratified the Paris Agreement. That means India has formally committed to a formal plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to limit global temperature rise. As part of the plan, India will produce 40 percent of its total electricity with non-fossil fuel sources by 2030. This is a heartening development indeed. All major greenhouse gas emitters including the US and China have ratified the Paris Agreement. The top 10 emitters are China, US, the European Union, India, Russia, Indonesia, Brazil, Japan, Canada, and Mexico.
India due to its sheer size, finds itself among the top CO2 emitters. But if we normalize the emissions with population of countries, who are among the worst perpetrator? Take a look at the chart of this week to find out. Qatar tops the list at 44 metric tons of CO2 emitted in 2011, per capita. Other middle eastern nations are close to follow with Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Saudi Arabia all in the top 10. The US, Canada, Australia, and South Korea are the other industrialized nations that have high per capita CO2 emissions.
Thanks to low industrialization and a large populations, India has per capita CO2 emissions of 1.66 metric tons vs 6.7 and 17 for China and the US respectively.